How do I put a property into a buy-to-let company?
The process of incorporation essentially involves setting up a limited company and putting a buy-to-let to it. Typically the company will be set up with the two following SIC codes:
- 68209 – Other letting and operating of own or leased real estate
- 68100 – Buying and selling of own real estate
This is important both for accounting purposes, but also for mortgage lenders too. Most lenders will only lend to companies used solely for buy-to-let purposes. The lender will also require the company to have its own bank account.
If the property is not already owned by you, stamp duty is simply payable at the rate paid by an investor purchasing in their own name.
If the property is already owned by yourself in your personal name, the process of putting it into a company involves paying stamp duty on the transfer and potentially capital gains tax too. But if landlords do so before March 31, they will benefit from the stamp duty holiday. For example, an investor buying or transferring a property worth £180,000 would pay £1,100 less in stamp duty if they did so before April.
While a company can be set up relatively quickly and cheaply, the property must be sold to the company at market rate, which will require an independent valuation for stamp duty purposes. If the property is mortgaged, this transfer will also require the lenders' consent. However, some buy-to-let lenders won’t lend to a company, meaning it’s usually best to transfer the property when the mortgage reaches the end of a fixed term.
How do the sums stack up?
The tax benefits of holding property in a company derive from the ability of landlords to offset 100% of mortgage interest against profits, while those holding property in their own name can offset just 20%. For landlords owning a property without a mortgage, only higher rate taxpayers will see benefit from incorporating from a tax perspective.
This means that someone who owns a £250,000 property with a 75% LTV mortgage generating £1,000 a month in rent in a company will pay around £1,033 per year in tax. While a lower rate taxpayer owning the same property in their own name would pay 42% more or £1,463 each year. And a higher rate taxpayer would pay 274% more or £3,863.
But while landlords holding their property in a company can offset more costs against their rental income, mortgage interest rates tend to be higher, although they have come down in recent years. This means that setting up a company to hold buy-to-let property tends to benefit higher-income taxpayers or those with multiple buy-to-let properties.